• TR
  • EN
  • FR
  • PT
  • AR

Made it go up to ten years before the date of milling have been found in archaeological excavations in Anatolia .

Catalhoyuk Cayonu , as pilgrims in the ancient settlements unearthed gems such as grinders and mills mortar and pestle can be considered the most primitive type of milling based on how much evidence that in ancient Anatolia.

Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Italy are mentioned in various sources in the excavations where similar instrument. Air , into the ( in grain beaten stone mortar ) and wheat in this region with millstones , barley, grains such as corn is milled into flour brought to understand the archaeological finds.

Very early in history it must have been discovered that a more edible product could be made by separating the ground meal into coarse bran particles and white flour. The advent of weaving made this process possible. Sieves or baskets were made using horse hair or papyrus. Later, Ancient Romans ground and sifted the flour through linen, twice . This was an expensive procedure that only the aristocracy could afford. The whiter flour obtained was called "pollen" meaning a fine powder. The very best grade they called "flos" a word for a flower, being the best part of a plant. So our words "flour" and "flower" originally were the same.

It is thought that the Romans were the first to have started a milling industry using animals or teams of slaves to drive the wheels to grind the wheat. Before this, grinding of meal had mostly been carried out in the home using a device called a hand-quern. The hand-quern consisted of two round flat stones, one above the other. The upper stone was turned by a wooden handle, wheat was trickled in through a hole in the centre, and meal came out around the edge. Gradual developments in milling techniques, especially the introduction of the rotary mill around 1000BC, meant improvements in flour for baking. Eventually in the 11th Century watermills and windmills enabled real progress. Most of the common machines, such as the roller mill, were developed by the 1900s and are still in use in present-day mills.